Ancient Egyptians really loved their dogs and cats – not to mention their snakes, crocodiles and birds.
Animals held such a prominent place in ancient Egyptian society that tens of millions were mummified, some going into the pharaohs’ tombs to rest eternally in the company of their kings. Others had their own special cemeteries, where they were buried in coffins as elaborately carved as those of royal family members.
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Iowa’s Luther College is celebrating a rare find on its campus.
A student was digging through the archives in a basement earlier this week when she found 2,000-year-old Egyptian papyrus writings. A school spokesperson said they believe a former professor brought the writings to the Decorah campus in the 1920s.
Professors are working to find out what the writings say.
“They can be anything from tax receipts to ancient pornography. They’ve found just about everything you can imagine,” said Luther College Classics Professor Phillip Freeman.
One piece is described as an Egyptian ‘get out of jail free card’ and is one of only 40 known to still exist in the world.
Cleopatra’s Alexandria, Egypt
(images via: smithsonian, archdaily)
The Alexandria of ancient Egyptian ruler Cleopatra was lost for 1,600 years, with tales of its existence seeming like no more than legends. But a team of marine archaeologists stumbled across the ruins off the shores of the modern-day Alexandria in 1998, unearthing vast monuments still standing after all this time. The city was likely taken by the sea as a result of earthquakes. Historians have found columns, sphinxes, statues, temples and the foundations of a palace that likely belonged to Cleopatra herself.
Alexandria is considered one of the richest archaeological sites in the world. In addition to these vast stone monuments, coins and everyday objects have been discovered, painting a picture of a city described more than 2,000 years ago by Greek geographers and historians. Recent dives have unearthed some of the major scenes from the lives of Cleopatra and…
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Edfu Temple was Dedicated to Horus, the falcon headed god, it was built during the reigns of six Ptolemies. We have a great deal of information about its construction from reliefs on outer areas. It was begun in 237 BC by Ptolemy III Euergetes I and was finished in 57 BC.
This is not only the best preserved ancient temple in Egypt, but the second largest after Karnak.
It was believed that the temple was built on the site of the great battle between god Horus and his uncle god Seth.
The current temple of Edfu was the last in a long series of temples build on this location. It is said that the original structure was a grass hut housing a statue of god Horus built in prehistoric times.
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